2018 G7 Summit

The Group of Seven

The Group of Seven (G7) is an informal grouping of seven of the world’s advanced economies consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The forum offers an opportunity for G7 Leaders, Ministers and policy makers to come together each year to build consensus and set trends around some of today’s most challenging global issues.

The European Union (EU) was first invited to attend the G7 in 1977 and the President of the European Commission has attended all of its sessions since 1981. Both the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission represent the EU at G7 summits.

In 2018, the leaders will gather on June 8-9 at the Fairmont Le Manoir Richelieu, in La Malbaie, in the Charlevoix region of Quebec, Canada.

Canada will be hosting the 2018 G7 Summit in Charlevoix Quebec but what is the G7 and how does it impact you?

Well, the G7 is a group of 7 countries which includes Canada, France, US, UK, Germany, Japan, Italy, and the European Union that gets together to discuss world issues.

The G7 is a consensus-based forum.  Decisions must be agreed upon by all members.

These discussions are taken into consideration when a country proposes new strategies and policies.

Over the past 40 years, the G7 has strengthened international economic and security policy, mainstreamed climate change and gender equality.

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On screen: 2018 G7 logo

On screen: Website: g7.gc.ca, Facebook: CanadaG7 or G7Canada, Twitter: @G7 or @G7fr

On screen: Canada Wordmark

Canada is proud to host the 2018 G7 Summit in Charlevoix. This vibrant region captures everything that our country is about – from bilingualism, to cultural diversity, to stunning scenery in every season. I look forward to welcoming my counterparts this year in beautiful Charlevoix. I’m sure they will fall in love with the region, just as Canadians have done for generations.

– Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau. Prime Minister of Canada

History of the G7

The G7’s origin stems from meetings held in the 1970s between France’s Valéry Giscard D’Estaing and Germany’s Helmut Schmidt when they were finance ministers. Each subsequently assumed the leadership of their respective countries, just as the mid-1970s oil crisis was buffeting the world’s largest economies.

French President Giscard D’Estaing urged the leaders of Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States to meet in 1975 to discuss how to respond to the oil crisis.

A year later, in 1976, Canada’s Prime Minister was extended an invitation to the G7 by the President of the United States.

The European Union (EU) was first invited to attend the G7 in 1977 and the President of the European Commission has attended all of its sessions since 1981.

G7 Members

Members of the G7 are Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Also, both the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission represent the EU at G7 summits.

How the G7 works

The role of chairing the G7 rotates each calendar year among the member countries in the following order: France, United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, Italy and Canada. The European Union is not part of this hosting rotation.

Presidency

The country holding the G7 presidency is responsible for hosting and organizing the summit. It also organizes a number of ministerial-level preparatory meetings in the lead-up to the main event. The chair sets the agenda for its year and is responsible for speaking on behalf of the G7. The chair also engages non-member countries and international organizations.

Sherpas

The host country organizes several preparatory meetings before the summit. G7 leaders appoint personal representatives, known as Sherpas, to attend these meetings to discuss potential agenda items. The Sherpas, usually high-ranking government officials, communicate directly with each other throughout the year.

International Issues

Over the past 40 years, the G7 has strengthened international economic and security policy, mainstreamed climate change and gender equality, brought donors together and supported disarmament programs.

The G7 has been proven to provide global leadership and play a powerful role in impacting world issues. For example, the issue of women’s and children health were championed by Canada during the 2010 G7 presidency. The Muskoka Initiative committed G7 members to mobilize $5 billion of additional funding between 2010-2015 toward maternal, newborn, and child health.

At the end of each ministerial meeting and the Leaders’ Summit, the host country publishes an outcomes document. This document can be delivered as a communiqué, declaration, or chair’s statement. This document explains what was discussed at the meetings and what agreements were reached by G7 members. Those official documents for the 2018 G7 Summit, are made available to the public after each event.

Past G7 Summits in Canada

Canada has hosted five G7 summits to date, including:

  • Muskoka, Ontario (2010)
  • Kananaskis, Alberta (2002)
  • Halifax, Nova Scotia (1995)
  • Toronto, Ontario (1988)
  • Ottawa-Montebello, Ontario-Quebec (1981)

Environment

The Government of Canada is committed to integrating good environmental practices into each step leading to the 2018 G7 Summit in Charlevoix.  We will be making this summit an environmentally responsible event, guided by recognized environmental standards.